竞彩足球推荐(www.99cx.vip):Private member\u2019s bills to amend law on citizenship a clear message to govt

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PENGERANG lawmaker Azalina Othman Said and four Pakatan Harapan (PH) MPs have each submitted a notice to table a private member’s bill to the Dewan Rakyat, seeking to give Malaysian women the same rights as men to pass on their citizenship to foreign-born children. 

The bill proposes to amend clause (1)(b) and clause (1)(c) of Part II of the Second Schedule of the Federal Constitution by seeking to insert the word “or mother” after the word “father” in each clause.

If amended, the clauses will read as follow (the amendments in bold):

Part II

[Article 14(1)(b)]

CITIZENSHIP BY OPERATION OF LAW OF PERSONS BORN ON OR AFTER MALAYSIA DAY

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1. Subject to the provisions of Part III of this Constitution, the following persons born on or after Malaysia Day are citizens by operation of law, that is to say:

(a) …

(b) every person born outside the Federation whose father or mother is at the time of the birth a citizen and either was born in the Federation or is at the time of the birth in the service of the Federation or of a State; and

(c) every person born outside the Federation whose father or mother is at the time of the birth a citizen and whose birth is, within one year of its occurrence or within such longer period as the Federal Government may in any particular case allow, registered at a consulate of the Federation or, if it occurs in Brunei or in a territory prescribed for this purpose by order of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, registered with the Federal Government; and …

A similar amendment was moved in Singapore in 2004 to do away with the discrimination against mothers in article 122 of the republic’s constitution so that a person born outside Singapore shall be a citizen of Singapore by descent if, at the time of his birth, where the person is born on or after the date of commencement of the amendments, either his father or mother is a citizen of Singapore, by birth, registration or descent. (Emphasis added)

Amendments to the republic’s constitution require a two-third majority of the members of parliament (MP), which is generally similar under the Federal Constitution. However, article 159(5) of the Federal Constitution requires that amendments to Part III (on citizenship) shall have the consent of the Conference of Rulers.

This is an additional safeguard which the framers of the Federal Constitution saw fit to entrust it with the Conference of Rulers, a uniquely Malaysian institution. Where consent is required of the Conference of Rulers under the Federal Constitution, the Conference of Rulers is entitled to be first consulted as article 38(2) allows the Conference to deliberate on questions of national policy (citizenship may be so considered) and any other matter that it thinks fit.

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